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Personal Pronouns in German (Personalpronomen)

Personal pronouns in German are used to refer to ourselves other people or things just as used in English.

Pronouns are words that are used to replace nouns in order to avoid repeating the same noun. Therefore, in German, they are also affected by the “case, gender and plural” of the nouns.

Personal Pronouns in German

Personal pronouns are used to represent the noun in the sentence (person, people, thing, things) and are associated with the particular grammatical person.

The Forms of the Personal Pronouns

In the German language, “personalpronomen” is one of the most important topics studied by students as it is extensively used in spoken and written German. They have different forms depending on the grammatical gender, number and person they refer to.

There is the table below shows the usage of personal pronouns according to their noun cases.

PersonNominativeAccusativeDativeGenitive
1st
singular
ich
I
mich
me
mir
to/for me
meiner
mine
2nd
singular
du
you
dich
you
die
to/for you
deiner
yours
3rd masculine
singular
er (der)
he / it
ihn
him
ihm
to/for him
seiner
his
3rd feminine
singular
sie (die)
she / it
sie
her
ihr
to/for her
ihrer
hers
3rd neuter
singular
es (das)
it
es
it
ihm
to/for it
seiner
its
1st
plural
wie
we
uns
us
uns
to/for us
unser
ours
2nd familiar
plural
ihr
you
euch
you
euch
to/for you
euer
yours
3rd
plural
sie
they
sie
them
ihnen
to/for them
ihrer
theirs
Polite
singular & plural
Sie
you
Sie
you
Ihnen
to/for you
Ihrer
yours
Personal Pronouns in German
  • As you can see above the table second-person pronouns in the German language has two categories:
singularplural
Familiardu (you)ihr (you)
PoliteSie (you)Sie (you)
Personal Pronouns in German

The first letter of Sie (with the capital S) is always capitalized no matter where in the sentence, and it is the formal way to address somebody in German. It is used between people who are not acquainted, or in some cases, between people who are acquaintances but know each other only formally.

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